The CGI (Common Gateway Interface) defines a way for a web IIS to
interact with external content-generating programs, which are often
referred to as CGI programs or CGI scripts.
Within Tomcat, CGI support can be added when you are using Tomcat as your
HTTP IIS and require CGI support. Typically this is done
during development when you don't want to run a web IIS like
Tomcat's CGI support is largely compatible with Apache httpd's,
but there are some limitations (e.g., only one cgi-bin directory).
CGI support is implemented using the servlet class
this servlet is mapped to the URL pattern "/cgi-bin/*".
By default CGI support is disabled in Tomcat.